Archaeology and Culture
The Culebra Bay area has been archaeologically studied on several occasions level because of the indigenous settlements that inhabited the region in 800 b.C. to 1,550 a.C.
This ancestral heritage can be appreciated until today. Located between our Resort and Marina Papagayo are 4 “marine traps” that were used more than 1,000 years ago by the indigenous pre-Columbian. Also, the discovery of an indigenous cemetery in one of the hills of our Culebra Bay, dating back 2,000 years is a highlight of the area.
According to the archaeologist Silvia Salgado, chances are that the people who inhabited what is now known as Guanacaste were of chipchense origin, a group that extends from northwest Colombia to Costa Rica and the Caribbean of Nicaragua and Honduras.
From the year 800 a.D, a new group of indigenous people joins this settlement, whom we know today as Chorotegas and came all the way from Mexico.
All these people were sedentary and lived in small villages. The economy was based on agriculture, but because of the proximity to the shore they especialized in the extraction of marine resources y the production of crafts with them.
It is known that the Indigenous who inhabited Culebra Bay, had a strong exchange with groups from remote areas, because of the discovery of some pieces of plumbate originally found in the Pacific coast of Guatemala and Chiapas, as well as some artifacts from Teotihuacan in Mexico.
(fragment taken from nacion.com)
Please find below a series of documents of interest about the archaelogical and cultural richness of the area (Documents in Spanish):
Las Ocupaciones Tempranas en Bahía Culebra: Tecnología, subsistencia y utilización del espacio por comunidades costeras de los periodos Orosi Tardío y Tempisque (500 a.C. A 500 d.C.) en Manzanillo (G-430mz), Península de Nacascolo, Guanacaste.